INKISHAF https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home <p><strong>INKĪSHĀF</strong> is an open access, double-blind peer reviewed quarterly research Journal of international repute published by the Rah-e-Falah Researcg Center, Lahore. Articles by learned research scholars from all over the world are published in the INKĪSHĀF research Journal. In it different aspects of Islam and their impact on Muslim and non-Muslim societies are discussed. The Journal tries to foster internal as well as external dialogue among Muslims and with those of other faiths, in the fields of Islamic Studies, Humanities and Social Sciences, in order to encourage an atmosphere conducive to universal peace and understanding, for a better world. It aims at interpreting the teachings of Islam in such a way as to bring out its dynamic character, in the context of the intellectual and scientific progress of the modern world. Furthermore, the Journal also encourages the authors to submit researches conducted under interdisciplinary collaboration on the important socio-Religious issues including interfaith harmony and studies in contemporary religions. The main objective of INKĪSHĀF is to promote Islamic based research through modern research techniques and social science methodologies. Furthermore, INKĪSHĀF is an Academic Journal devoted to Islamic research and scholarship. It is to serve as a forum for scholars to write objectively, analytically and , where ever necessary, critically on Islamic History, Philosophy, Science, Arts, Culture, Archaeology, Law, and Jurisprudence etc.</p> Rah-E-Falah Research Center, Lahore en-US INKISHAF 2790-8127 تفسیرالقرآن بالاسرائیلیات میں"فیضان الرحمان فی تفسیر القرآن" کا منہج و اسلوب کے تجزیاتی مطالعہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/429 <p><em>This article explores the method and style of interpreting the Quran in light of Israeli narratives, focusing on the commentary "Feizan al-Rahman fi Tafsir al-Quran." Beginning with a brief introduction to the commentator, the interpretation, and Israeli narratives, the views of commentators on the interpretation of the Quran through Israeli perspectives are presented. In "Feizan al-Rahman," the commentator adopts four approaches to interpret through Israeli narratives: affirmation of Israeli accounts, meaning confirming Israeli narratives through the Quran; criticism of Israeli narratives through the Quran; mentioning Israeli narratives in the context of the revelation's circumstances; and validating recent Israeli research through the Quran. The article strives to present various evidence while discussing these four&nbsp;categories.</em></p> Mazahir Ali Sajid Ali Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-06 2024-06-06 4 12 104 136 عہد نبوی ﷺکے تفریحی و ثقافتی و سماجی مشاغل اور کھیل: ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/449 <p><em>The Prophetic era, spanning from the 7th century AD, marked a transformative period in history that not only laid the foundations of Islam but also encompassed a vibrant array of recreational, cultural, social activities, and sports. This research article explores these facets through a meticulous study of historical sources, focusing on the life and times of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It investigates the diverse forms of leisure activities prevalent in Arabian society, including poetry recitation, storytelling (Hikayah), and traditional games (such as horse racing, archery, and swimming). Furthermore, it delves into the Prophet's personal involvement in social gatherings (Majalis), cultural traditions (Adab), and communal festivals (Eid). By analyzing primary texts and scholarly interpretations, the article elucidates the significance of these activities in fostering community cohesion, moral education, and physical well-being during that era. Ultimately, this study underscores the relevance of understanding the Prophetic era's recreational and social dynamics as a source of historical enrichment and cultural heritage.</em></p> Asia Parveen Dr. Irfan Jafar Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-20 2024-06-20 4 12 412 432 Qalandari Tradition in the Subcontinent: Exploring the Mystical Path https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/412 <p>Within the intricate fabric of the Indian subcontinent’s cultural and spiritual legacy lies the enigmatic Qalandari tradition. Rooted in Sufism, it bears witness to the great depths of mysticism and spirituality that have pervaded this region for centuries. Their unorthodox behavior has caused a hue and cry from different quarters. However, some Sufis have spoken in their favour. For a better comprehension of the transformative journey of Qalandars, this article will explore its philosophical foundations, historical roots, cultural manifestations, and current significance.</p> Muhammad Qasim Butt Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-07 2024-06-07 4 12 46 62 اسلامی نظم مملکت میں غیر مسلموں کی شرکت: ایک تحقیقی جائزہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/437 <p><em>The Islamic state came into being on the besis of a specific Ideology and a belief. The system&nbsp; of&nbsp; Islamic state, it's institutions, laws, regulations and moral values are subject to this&nbsp; ideology. Whether&nbsp; it is the basis of&nbsp;&nbsp; the social style or the law and constitution in such a state. Islam is the foundation and the source of&nbsp; guidance in all stages of life.The state is governed by its own principles.The Islamic state is run on the same principles on which the state of&nbsp; Madinah was established.Therefore the system of&nbsp; Islamic state must be in such hands of those who have this ideology and faith on which the state is based.These residents of this state and citizens who established the state and who are muslims will be garantors of the survival of this state.And those residents and citizens who deviate from this view.Then, all kind of&nbsp; responsibility will not be given in their hands.and this is necessary for the survival and development of&nbsp; Islamic state.</em></p> Tehmeena Pervez Dr. Taj Muhammad Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-10 2024-06-10 4 12 263 286 تاجرانہ اخلاق اورتاجروں کے لیے عوامی خدمت کے اصول: تجزیاتی وتحلیلی مطالعہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/427 <p><em>Islam provides a complete code of life so that the followers of Islam can get all their needs from the grace of Islam.The worst need of human beings for survival of life is business and trade and this is the basic need of human being.Without which there is no solution. At the same time, this technology is traveling faster than the speed of light.Because of which strange changes are seen in the affairs every day. Online trading has changed the world trade.Today, a person seems to handle unlimited business in minutes. But despite this, the economy of the country is in a state of disarray. The poor are getting poorer. Even he is craving for bread. What is the reason? Isn't our moral depravity the main cause of this? While Prophet Muhammad ( SAW)&nbsp; taught ethics to the traders. This is the reason why our morals are leading us to the path of sin instead of guidance. It is our tragedy that whenever we got a chance, we did not let negativity go out of hand. In the holy month of Ramadan, our prices start to touch the sky, we ignore our eternal rights and indulge in our whims. So again I have been given&nbsp; the command to call to prayer.There is a need to revive commercial ethics.This thesis&nbsp; explains the rules of islamic laws and regulations of commercial&nbsp;ethics.</em></p> Qamar Aziz Dr. Abdulwahab Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-05 2024-06-05 4 12 63 86 پاکستانی حلال معیارات میں فقہی مداخلت :تجزیاتی مطالعہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/447 <p><em>Islamic beliefs mandate the consumption of halal food. Muslim jurists have worked tirelessly to provide Muslims with guidelines and foundational ideas based on Hadiths and verses from the Quran. Islamic history contains examples of halal standardization, such as stamping from the time of Hazrat Usman (رضي الله عنه) which used certain indicators to distinguish between halal and haram. Governments have begun to take an interest in Halal Standardization since the advent of contemporary techniques and technology. Nowadays, one of the biggest industries in the world is halal standardization, and one of its main components is the standardization of food. Given that Pakistan adheres to the Hanafi and Shafi schools of Islamic law, this study sheds light on how these schools' legal rulings impact standards in Pakistan. Using a few examples of standards and an examination of how these distinctions really expand the scope of standardization, the essay attempts to explore the nature of the juristic differences between Hanafi and Shafi.</em></p> Syeda Mahjbeen Dr. Bushra Subhan Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-19 2024-06-19 4 12 377 397 An Analytical Study of Lesley Hazleton's Book “The First Muslim: Story of Muhammad.” https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/434 <p><em>The blessed life of the Holy Prophet </em><em>ﷺ</em><em> has provided guidance for every aspect of the life of the Muslim community. One of these aspects is cultural and civilizational. Compared to all the civilizations and cultures of the world, the culture and civilization of Islam are completely unique and possess distinctive characteristics. The fundamental reason for this is the principles and ideologies that the Holy Prophet </em><em>ﷺ</em><em> imparted to the Muslim Ummah through his exemplary conduct. In all dimensions of culture, we receive comprehensive guidance from his exemplary conduct, which simultaneously encompasses theoretical, intellectual, and practical aspects. Such comprehensiveness is not found in any other civilization or culture in the world. Despite all their prejudices against Islam and the Prophet of Islam,Western thinkers have not been able to deny the grandeur of Islamic civilization and culture.They have had to openly acknowledge that Muslims not only enriched Europe with the wealth of cultural refinement but also laid the foundations for the development of character and personality. They illuminated the culturally darkened Europe with the light of culture, instilled in the descendants of Adam the consciousness of human dignity and respect in place of the law of the jungle, and thus paved the path for the establishment of those civilized societies on this earth which are still the crowning glory of history. This analytical study delves into Lesley Hazleton's book, "The First Muslim: Story of Muhammad," offering a comprehensive examination of its narrative, historical context, and scholarly contributions. Hazleton's biography of Muhammad ﷺpresents a detailed and nuanced account of his life, emphasizing the socio-political dynamics of 7th-century Arabia and the foundational moments of Islam. This study critically evaluates Hazleton's methodology, including her use of primary sources, narrative techniques, and historical interpretations. This analysis contributes to the broader discourse on biographical literature and historiography in the context of religious studies.&nbsp;</em></p> Bilqees Faiz Dr. Sumera Safder Dr. Muhammad Zahid Zaheer Iqbal Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-09 2024-06-09 4 12 63 86 قيمة الجمال ومظاهره في الكتاب والسنة وأثره على الفردوالمجتمع https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/424 <p><em>Beauty is an essential part of every human being's life, and no one is indispensable for it. Human beings by nature love beauty and cannot live without it. Beauty is required in everything related to a person’s livelihood, in his sitting, his dwelling, his food, his clothing, his manners, and all of his creation. The importance of the topic appears in the fact that beauty is an aspect of human life, and it is not only considered one of the basics of the natural order, but its basic effect is that every human being cannot live without making this characteristic an essential part of his life. In Islam, beauty is not only considered good but also encouraged to promote the values ​​associated with it in each individual and society as a whole. This research aims to demonstrate the value of beauty </em><em>through</em><em> proving that Islam is the most beautiful of religions to encourage people to embrace the beauty at all levels. As a result, an individual can learn that Islam prescribes measures to ensure beauty by adopting the principles of beauty both outwardly and inwardly.</em></p> Qasim Ali Dr. Muhammad Kashif Sheikh Dr. Faiz ul Islam Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-28 2024-05-28 4 12 1 13 اللباب فی علوم الکتاب کا منہج و اسلوب-خصائص و امتیازات کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/445 <p><em>The Quran is a unique and divine revelation, bestowed by Allah to Prophet Muhammad</em><em>ﷺ</em><em>. The Prophet himself was the first interpreter of the Quran, as Allah commanded him not only to receive the revelation but also to explain its teachings to the people. Following the Prophet, the companions (Sahaba) undertook this mission of learning and disseminating the Quranic knowledge. The subsequent generation, known as the Tabie'en, continued this noble task effectively, forming a continued chain of Quranic scholarship. This ongoing tradition gave rise to an extensive body of knowledge on the interpretation of the Quran. Among the noteworthy works is "Al-Lubaab fi Uloom al Kitab" by Ibn Adin Hanbali, a significant book primarily focusing on the exegesis of the Quran and its related sciences. This important book, "Al-Lubaab," has a unique way of interpreting the Quran. It uses Tafseer bil Mathur, which means explaining the Quran using other Quranic verses and also interpretation by Hadith, statements of the Sahaba, and Tabie'en. The author, also discusses the context of revelation (Shan e Nuzool), grammatical details concerning Sarf and Nahv, fiqhi discussions, and addresses misinterpretations done by other people regarding tafseer. Al-Lubaab is a comprehensive, standing out as a rich source of knowledge about the Quran. It connects different sources of Islamic knowledge, making it valuable. The book encourages further exploration and research, making it a guide for a deeper understanding of the Quran</em> <em>Additionally, there is much need for further scholarly research on "Al-Lubaab fi Uloom al Kitab." This would enable a more profound exploration of the knowledge pertaining to Quranic exegesis</em><em>.</em></p> Mahnoor Saif Ahsan Mahmood Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-19 2024-06-19 4 12 338 360 حقیقت و معرفت مکتوبات امام ربانی کی روشنی میں ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/432 <p><em>"In Sufism, the concepts of Truth (Haqiqat) and Spiritual Knowledge (Marifat) have been explained in various ways. However, Imam Rabbani (may Allah have mercy on him) has presented these two terms in a beautiful and comprehensive manner. Truth refers to the ultimate reality that transcends all limitations and considerations. Imam Rabbani has shed light on various aspects of Truth, including the Truth of Ahmadi, Muhammadi, Isa (Jesus), the Kaaba, prayer, Quran, and others. He has explained each of these in great detail, emphasizing that the Truth of Muhammad is superior to all others, as it is the ultimate Truth. Similarly, the Truth of prayer and the Quran is superior to other forms of worship. Imam Rabbani has also explained the concept of Spiritual Knowledge (Marifat), which is the recognition of one's own ignorance and the acquisition of knowledge that leads to the realization of the ultimate Truth. This knowledge is attained when the seeker reaches the stage of perfection, and their every action is in accordance with the divine will. However, this state of perfection is rare and requires immense spiritual struggle. When the seeker attains this state, their love for Allah becomes manifest, and they are able to recognize the beauty of Allah's attributes. Their actions, which may seem ordinary to others, become a means of attaining spiritual proximity to Allah. Even their mistakes and shortcomings are transformed into virtues, as they are committed in the pursuit of divine pleasure. Imam Rabbani's teachings on these matters are a treasure trove of spiritual wisdom, guiding seekers on the path to ultimate Truth and Spiritual Knowledge."</em></p> Usman Haider Saifi Prof. Dr. Humayun Abbas Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-09 2024-06-09 4 12 244 262 الخیال التربوي في قصص کامل الکیلاني للأطفال https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/452 <p><em>The imagination of the traditional tale is a reflection of the cultures, knowledge and beliefs of peoples, as throughout the ages they have derived their existence from myths, magic, superstition, and the world of jinn and humans. Children of this era are less fortunate than their peers in previous eras, which were characterized by means that stimulate the imagination. In the past, there was nothing to hinder living this imagination. Today, in light of recent discoveries and scientific explanations for phenomena, children find it difficult to believe these stories. However, the importance of heritage stories lies not only in their imagination, but in their treatment of basic human problems that will continue to exist, such as poverty, jealousy, and fear of the unknown, which makes the appeal of these stories go beyond pleasure to a positive interaction with eternal human issues. Kamel Kilani’s interest in stories was "One Thousand and One Nights" and his selection of ten stories from it is interesting, as these stories are characterized by their imaginative content and connection to social behaviors and moral values. Among these stories we find:</em></p> <ul> <li><em>Sinbad the Sailor: A story about a wealthy merchant who inherited his money from his father, but after spending it, he began to search for his livelihood. He loved travelling. He made seven sea voyages full of hardships and horrors, during which he saw marvels of imagination and escaped destruction thanks to divine providence.</em></li> <li><em>Ali Baba: It tells the story of two brothers, one of whom is rich and selfish and the other is poor and kind. Ali Baba discovered treasure in a cave, but the greed of his brother Qasim led him to death at the hands of thieves.</em></li> <li><em>City of Brass: It is based on the idea of ​​magic, where an entire city of copper lives. Its heroes, Prince Iqbal and Prince Fadel, are trying to decipher the magic hieroglyphs to save the city.</em></li> <li><em>Khosrow shah: A prince who lost his way to the King of India, discovered an underground palace and an imprisoned princess kidnapped by a genie. He tried to save her, but the genie turned him into a monkey, and then the princess tried to restore his humanity.</em></li> <li><em>Aladdin: One of the most famous stories, as it tells about a young man who possesses a magic lamp that meets all his demands. He uses it to achieve his dreams and confront the African magician.</em></li> <li><em>King Ajeeb: A story about a king who survived a shipwreck and arrived on an island with a magnetic mountain. He fulfilled his dream by having the Brass Knight fall into the sea, causing the mountain to lose its magical powers.</em></li> <li><em>Baba Abdullah and the Dervish: A story depicting the consequence of greed, where Baba Abdullah was a greedy merchant who took loads of treasure, resulting in him losing his sight and the entire treasure.</em></li> <li><em>Abdullah Al-Bari and Abdullah Al-Bahri: We have discussed this in detail above.</em></li> <li><em>Abu Sir and Abu Qir: A depiction of the betrayal of friends. It tells the story of two friends who migrate in search of livelihood, one of them is good and the other is evil. Each of them receives a reward similar to his actions.</em></li> </ul> Hafiza Asifa Intizar Prof. Dr. Muhammad Saleem Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-21 2024-06-21 4 12 34 50 Harmonizing Pakistan’s Legal Landscape: Comparative analysis of collective ijtihad perspectives between the federal shariat court (FSC) and islamc jurists https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/421 <p><em>This study conducts a thorough comparative analysis of collective Ijtihād perspectives between the Federal Shariat Court (FSC) and Islamic jurists in Pakistan. Through meticulous analysis, it examines the nature and methodology of collective Ijtihād practiced by both the FSC and traditional Islamic jurists, highlighting their distinctive approaches. The research explores how the FSC’s approach to collective Ijtihād differs from historical practices observed by Islamic jurists, providing insights into the evolving dynamics of Islamic jurisprudence in Pakistan. By elucidating these differences, it offers valuable insights into the diverse methodologies employed in legal interpretation within the country. Furthermore, the study delves into the broader implications of the FSC’s authoritative status, illustrating how its decisions and interpretations influence legal discourse and contribute to judicial synchronization in Pakistan. It emphasizes the significant role of the FSC in guiding legal interpretation and fostering coherence within the country’s legal framework, contrasting it with the practices of traditional Islamic jurists. In essence, this research provides a nuanced understanding of the comparative analysis of collective Ijtihād perspectives between the FSC and Islamic jurists, shedding light on their respective impacts on Pakistan’s legal landscape and implications for legal practice and interpretation in the country.</em></p> Dilawar Khan Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Siddique Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-27 2024-05-27 4 12 18 45 قرآن حکیم میں حیوانات کا ذکر:ایک اختصاصی مطالعہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/441 <p><em>The Holy Qur'an is the Holy Word of Allah Almighty, which Allah Almighty revealed to the last Prophet, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), to guide mankind until the Day of Judgment. The Holy Qur'an is an attribute of Allah, not a creature. The Holy Quran has always been in the Safe Book.&nbsp; The Quran is a book of guidance and instructions.&nbsp;Where various sciences and arts are mentioned in the Quran, animals are also mentioned in a significant number.In more or less two hundred verses of the Holy Qur'an, the rights and benefits of animals and the Shariah rulings of halal and haram related to them are mentioned. Sometimes the names of the animals are mentioned, and sometimes the absolute gender is mentioned. About thirty-six animals are mentioned by name in the Holy Quran, including birds, animals, insects and wild and domesticated animals.&nbsp;In this article, we will mention Islam and animals, the objection of infidels to the mention of inferior animals, the names of the surahs, the reasons for mentioning some animals, the verses related to animals, and the example of animals in the Holy Quran.</em></p> Iqra Masood Hafiza Aticka Aslam Muhammad Rouf Ul Hassan Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-13 2024-06-13 4 12 303 320 فتاوی اہل حدیث از حافظ عبد اللہ روپڑی :تعارف و تجزیہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/430 <p><em>The Indian sub-continent is considered to be the most fertile land in terms of knowledge, where genius scholars were born. They left a prominent name in the field of education and learning. He waged jihad against the false system of the British through his pen and language and also rejected many false sects born in the subcontinent. There are many scholars whose books alone are enough to recognize them. One of them is the name of Hafiz Abdullah Roopari. The number of his works is around 250 and many books are also well known. His fatwas in two volumes are short but well-reasoned. In his fatwa, jurisprudential insight is also clearly visible along with arguments from the Qur'an and hadiths, which provide a satisfactory answer to the questioner. In the article under review, Hafiz Abdullah Ropri's Fatawi Ahl al-Hadith's styles and methods will be reviewed.</em></p> Dr. Ruqia Bano Dr. Khalida Siddique Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-08 2024-06-08 4 12 137 156 Philosophy of Worship Places In Multi-Faith Society: An Islamic Approach towards Inclusive Peaceful Society https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/450 <p><em>The place where one can remember or establish the strong bound with the Lord is called as the worship place. Worship place is considered very important for the followers of every religion. The follower of every religion has a distinct worship place where they can easily and collectively can perform their religious rituals according to the requirement of their religion. So, a worship place is considered as a community centre where all the people following a particular faith collectively can perform their religious rituals. It is considered as the place where one can humbly remember his Lord, by considering himself as the servant and Lord as the master of the whole universe. The closeness and spiritual devotion with the creator of the universe is also felt in the house of worship. It is also considered as the place where the divine being and humanity can meet. The present research discusses the approaches towards worship places of different religions to explore the basic idea and significance behind having any particular place for worship. Every religion has its own distinct philosophy behind having a worship place. The purpose of this article is to explore the significant Islamic Approach towards inclusive peaceful society by attaining true objectives of the worship places in a multifaith society.</em></p> Dr. Farhana Mehmood Manahil Yaqoob Umer Yousaf Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-21 2024-06-21 4 12 103 125 سماجی رویوں کی تشکیل میں صوفیہ کا کردار https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/419 <p><em>The research paper explores the significant role of Sufism in Islamic spirituality and its influence on social behavior. It draws insights from scriptures and historical narratives to emphasize that divine guidance encompasses both material and spiritual aspects. The study highlights the enduring legacy of Sufism, focusing on how Sufi saints have perpetuated the prophetic mission by embodying spiritual principles and disseminating Islamic teachings. It also emphasizes the contributions of prominent Sufi figures such as Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti and Baba Fariduddin Ganj Shakar in nurturing faith and belief in regions historically entrenched in disbelief and polytheism. Additionally, the paper elucidates the distinctive approach of Sufis in spiritual training and societal reform, emphasizing inward purification, adherence to Sharia, and service to humanity. It underscores Sufi practices of humility, generosity, and compassion as catalysts for social transformation, evidenced by the establishment of mosques, madrassas, and welfare initiatives. Despite facing opposition and criticism, Sufi endeavors have persisted, driven by an unwavering commitment to the prophetic mission. However, contemporary challenges such as materialism and deviation from core objectives pose threats to the efficacy of Sufi guidance. The paper advocates for a renewed focus on spiritual objectives and the restoration of Sufi principles to address contemporary societal needs.</em></p> Dr. Saeed Ahmad Saeedi Hafiz Ghulam Yasin Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-26 2024-05-26 4 12 1 19 The Interminable Yemen Crisis: Saudi-Iranian Regional Conflict and Absence of Cooperation https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/439 <p><em>In the region of Middle East, two of the powerful regional states are engaged in a hegemonic power competition which is often referred to as proxy war. Saudi Arabia and Iran both support different states in various conflicts in the Middle East depending upon their interests. The civil war in Yemen was initially a domestic conflict between local actors, but it quickly aggravated and regional powers started to exercise their influence making it another addition in the proxy war. This research paper aims to explore that even after 5 years the crisis is still ongoing and the regional powers, despite the deteriorating humanitarian crisis, have yet to come to cooperative terms. This paper aims to highlight the factors that are hindering cooperation between Saudi Arabia and Iran.</em></p> Malik Waqar Aslam Dr. Noreen Naz Imran Ali Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-13 2024-06-13 4 12 87 102 تھانہ ملاکنڈ ایجنسی کی معروف روحانی شخصیت عبد اللہ جان ؒ کی دینی وسماجی خدمات کا ایک علمی جائزہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/428 <p><em>Maulana Abdullah Jan was born on 25th Ramzan ul Mubarak 1328 hijri (25th April 1905)at Ghari Hazrat Khel Thana Malakand Agency.He received his Basic Education from local Scholars and visited far off areas to avail education from renowned Scholars. He was abandoned to Sheikh Shuja Ul Noor in Naqashbandia lineage for purity and Spirituality, and later on became his successor. His Majesty was one of the renowned Scholar and profound Spiritual herlad along with a great Preacher, Ummah's edifier, top class Ecclesiast, Spiritual poet and well known belletrist. He spent all his life in teaching, educating, spiritual awakening, rectifying self, rectifying society and peoples wellbeing. Besides he wrote about 14 books on different topics for the rectification of God's begotten.In this research his nacency,his education acquisition, abandoned and caliphate,&nbsp; inculcation, civil and social services along with genesis services are exhibited in heuristic attitude.</em></p> Anwar Muhammad Prof. Dr. Ata ur Rahman Dr. Muhammad Abdul Haq Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-06 2024-06-06 4 12 87 103 اردو پرعربی زبان کے لسانی اثرات کے اسباب کا جائزہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/448 <p><em>Although Urdu language is very easy. It should be accepted but Urdu language is very difficult. When spoken in Urdu under a title, even Iqbal was unable to recite the poem as per the requirement. And they often had to refuse to comply with the requests - only the Lahore Anjuman Sahab-i-Islam got the opportunity due to some reasons that in its annual meetings for many years Iqbal recited his poem which was written especially for that meeting. And which he used to worry about earlier - however, Urdu language has this honor. That it is a mixture of many languages. In addition to Turkish, Bengali, Arabic and Persian, it also incorporates words from many regional languages.</em></p> Dr. Naila Abdul Karim Dr. Qamar Abbas Saira Bano Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-20 2024-06-20 4 12 398 411 خواتین کے احکا مِ وصیت برصغیر کے اردو تفسیری ادب کے تنا ظر میں https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/436 <p><em>Islam is a complete code of conduct and guidance for human beings until the Day of Judgment. This is because it describes the rules and problems of all classes of humanity. These include rules and issues for men and women. Some of the rules of men and women are different, for example, a woman cannot perform jamaat, it is necessary for her to cover her head etc. In some rulings, the rulings are the same for men and women, such as prayers, zakat, fasting, payment of Hajj, and wills and inheritances. The share of a woman in inheritance is different from that of a man but equality is in the fact that just as a man inherits, so does a woman. The rules in a will for a man are almost the same for a woman. In this article, the rules and wills of women are presented in the context of the texts of the Holy Quran, the hadiths of the Prophet (PBUH)and the Urdu commentary literature of the subcontinent.</em></p> Dr. Shazia Rashid Abbasi Dr. Ahmad Raza Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-09 2024-06-09 4 12 200 223 حضرت موسیٰ ؑ کے معجزات کے بارے میں سرسید احمد خان کے تصورات کا جائزہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/426 <p><em>Miracles in Islam play an important role to further strengthen the prophet hood of any prophet. Therefore, it has become a significant part of Islamic faith for the Muslims. This article particularly elaborates the most prominent Miracles bestowed to the Prophet Musa <sup>علیہ السلام </sup>by all mighty Allah. The scholars of all times have explained them with reference to the Qura’n and their opinions are aligned with each other. Nevertheless, Sir Syed Ahmed khan (one of the most famous scholars and theologians of the sub-continent) has given a different interpretation and explained the Miracles of Prophet Musa <sup>علیہ السلام</sup> from a different point of view, which have been discussed in details for the readers in this article. This article is also very interesting for the readers where they happen to read the opinions of both the orthodox scholar and that of a modern age theologian. </em></p> Abdul Jabbar Syed Hayatullah Anjum Riaz Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 4 12 48 62 قرآن فہمی میں استفہامی اسلوب کی اہمیت، ایک جائزہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/446 <p><em>The Holy Quran is the most sacred book which is the source of revelation and guidance from Allah. This book consists of various Surah’s, which were revealed to a human messenger, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Qur'an deals with monotheism, worship, moral principles, and various areas of life, and it is a source of guidance and salvation for humanity. What is special about the Interrogative </em><em>and questioning </em><em>style of the Qur'an is to explain different aspects of human life. This approach draws attention to various investigation, strategic and ethical issues that helps in comprehension in the Quran as well.</em></p> Dr. Asma Aziz Haiqa Nuzhat Mazhar Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-19 2024-06-19 4 12 361 376 فکر اقبال کی روشنی میں تصور وحدت اور اس کی معاصر تطبیق https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/433 <p><em>Allama Iqbal, the national poet of Pakistan presented the idea of the creation of separate state for Muslims in subcontinent. Allama Iqbal had strong believe in purposeful poetry. Iqbal’s poetry rewarded a vital role in promotion of true spirit of Islamic ideology in Muslims minds that showed the way to get rid of colonial slavery. That is why Iqbal has been considered not only a poet but as a reformer and influential philosopher. Iqbal advised the Muslims of subcontinent to adopt the way of Unity among the Muslims as right path towards sustainable development and wellbeing of the Muslim community. In the light of the Iqbal viewpoint, it has been recommended for revival of Muslims in the world that they have to follow the concept of Unity, research and innovation in all walks of life. According to Iqbal, the main reason for the decline of Muslims is the mutual discrimination between them as well as the lack of communal harmony among them. In this paper it has been admitted that the concept of Unity is prominently reflected in Iqbal's poetry, speeches and writings. In this article, in the light of Iqbal's thought, an attempt has been made to reveal the foundations of Unity and it has been declared that without adopting the policies aligned with the concept of Unity suggested by the artist of Pakistan at all levels, Pakistan cannot be brought to its true destination.</em></p> Dr. Kashif Sheikh Dr. Ikram Ul Haq Dr. Zia Ul Haq Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-09 2024-06-09 4 12 224 243 جدید پیش آمدہ مسائل زکوۃ کا حالات وزمانہ کی رعایت سے متعلق قواعد فقہیہ کی روشنی میں حل (ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ) https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/423 <p>Islam is the name of a beautiful religion that has a perfect system of human welfare. It has a complete curriculum for the successful life of every person. The beauty of Islamic worship is that they are the best source of the pleasure of Allah, after man. Zakat is the best way to eliminate economic inequality and make poor people a dynamic part of society. Its importance can be estimated from the fact that it is one of the five basic pillars of Islam. It has been counted. The reward of the one who pays Zakat is certain: Allah Almighty has declared it a good loan for Him. Due to the importance of Zakat, it is very important to be aware of its rules. It is also obligatory for a person who has the nisab to acquire the necessary knowledge of the problems of Zakat. As time passes, just as human life is affected, the Shariah also makes the rulings suitable for it. Just like the impact on other Shariah issues, in the same way, many issues of Zakat are also affected by the circumstances and times. They used to mention it in their books and present their solutions. In this paper, the contemporary problems will be discussed by reviewing the effects of the circumstances and times on the problems of Zakat and Istishahad, which will be presented from the books of contemporary jurists.</p> Dr. Hafiz Irfanullah Dr. Tahir Masood Qazi Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-28 2024-05-28 4 12 20 47 ''فقہی ارتقاء ''کے ''استشراقی مکاتب فکر''کاتعارفی وتجزیاتی مطالعہ (حلاق کے افکار کا خصوصی مطالعہ) https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/444 <p><em>"Tfqh fy̰ ạldy̰n (acquiring deep understanding of religion)" is the basic requirement of religion. For such purpose Muslim scholars are striving from the formative period to this day. Fiqh was developed for the understanding (systematic study) of rulings related to practical life. With development of Fiqh, Muslim scholars also worked on principles of jurisprudence (Usul-e-Fiqh). Even though the main source of Fiqh and Usul-e-Fiqh is the Qur'an and the Sunna, for determination the will of Almighty Allah the personal efforts of the jurists have a great role in its evolution. That's why Orientalists call the collection of jurisprudence a human effort. Despite differences in the description of the stages of jurisprudential evolution in orientalist’s thoughts, there is commonality in the basic philosophy of "jurisprudential evolution". Contemporary orientalist Wael Hallaq has tried to present Islamic law in a coherent and systematic form based on the historical evolutionary process. Based on the historical and gradual evolution of jurisprudence in the light of Wael Hallaq's ideas, orientalist’s thoughts can be divided into different schools. Here is a detail of these different orientalist’s schools of thoughts about basic ideology of Fiqh. </em></p> Dr. Abdul Basit Sadia Shabbir Dr. Farhan Akhtar Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-18 2024-06-18 4 12 321 337 خواتین کی وراثت سے محرومی کے اسباب و نتائج کا حل شریعت ِاسلامیہ کی روشنی میں https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/431 <p><em>The problem of distribution of inheritance is of special importance because the problems, hardships and comforts of individuals are related to it. In the religion of Islam, the rights of all human beings are taken care of. In the eyes of Islam, the basis of inheritance is kinship. It never ignores what she gives for her siblings, parents, children and husband. Accumulating wealth involves a great deal of help from women. Declared her deserving of inheritance. She was given the authority to keep wealth and property and to dispose of it. The shares of women mentioned in the religion of Islam are not found in other religions and laws. The survival of the human race and the beauty of this universe is established by the existence of the woman. Both the woman and the man are the architects of the human race, and if either one of them is removed, the evolution of the human race will stop there. If a man has many rights because of his position and status, then a woman should also get appropriate rights from her existential point of view. If not more than that, at least a woman is of equal importance.</em></p> Snobar Bashir Dr. Abdul Rehman Khan Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-08 2024-06-08 4 12 157 199 أهمية ترجمة معاني القرآن الكريم إلى اللّغات العالمية https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/451 <p><em>The translation of the Holy Quran was and is still a disputable issue among the Muslims as some of them say that the Quran should not be rendered into another language except Arabic for its holiness, while others find a way of translating the meaning of the Quran – rather than its text – because the text is considered, religiously and linguistically, as impossible to be translated. The revelation of the Quran in Arabic was intentionally and deliberately meant by Almighty Allah to defy the Arabs in their own trade of literature especially in the craftsmanship of poetry in which they excelled others in at that time. The Quran remains a book of miracles, but its miraculous ability is in its inimitability (as no one has yet made a similar surah or the like of it since its revelation) and untranslatability into another form of reproduction in other languages (as hundreds of translations were made and are still made, but none would come to the absolute or perfectly final form of translation). These translations are incomplete as they are mere human efforts. This article intends to throw some light on the opinions of some Islamic scholars regarding this issue. Every language carries within it many vocabulary words whose meanings differ slightly from each other. We conclude from the results of this study that translating the Holy Qur’an into other languages is not an easy and accessible matter for anyone who wants to do so. Rather, whoever undertakes such work must have a great knowledge of the Arabic language and a solid knowledge of its declarative methods And rhetoric, and delve into discovering its secrets And that it is to that, with the best luck of the language that the translation wants to with the importance of the accuracy and honesty in the translation, which gives things its fruits.</em></p> Hafiza Moima Binish Muhammad Abdul Rehman Dr. Hafiz Faiz Rasool Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-21 2024-06-21 4 12 14 32 Symbol Politics in Islamic Republic of Pakistan https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/420 <p><em>Electoral Symbol is an object which is being printed on ballot papers against the names of contesting candidates in an election. Electoral symbol allotted to a political party or any individual who intend to contest election from any constituency. Electoral symbol plays a very important role in the success of any individual or Political Party. Election symbols depict a party ideology and line of action as embodied in the manifesto of any political party. Sometimes mere selection of unique and easily understandable object as an election symbol paved the way of success for any party or individual. It is also very useful tool to gain the attention of general public and masses begun to follow any party or contesting candidate. This article analyse the role of electoral symbols in the electoral politics of Pakistan and how electoral symbols affect the voting behaviour in electoral politics in Pakistan. The article will also highlight that either any concrete effort was made to materialised the message associated with electoral symbol after getting power or these electoral symbols were remain printed on ballot paper and have no use after getting stamp of nine holes.</em></p> Muhammad Mujahid Sharif Prof. Dr. Mahboob Hussain Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-05-27 2024-05-27 4 12 1 17 اخلاقی ترقی کا تصور: قرآنی تعلیمات اور معاصر تعلیمی نظام کا تقابلی مطالعہ https://inkishaf.org/index.php/home/article/view/440 <p><em>In Islam, morality is considered a form of worship, and its significance in human life is universally acknowledged. People of every religion and creed, indeed every individual in the world, recognize the importance of good morals and character because acquiring moral virtues is a fundamental human need and necessity.Islam places a high value on fostering a healthy society and supports the resolution of ethical issues. This support is critical given that corruption and related problems are particularly pertinent in the context of Pakistan's educational system, which needs to align with Islamic ideology. However, with the accelerating pace of change in the world today, the ethical purpose of education has receded into the background, leading to a marked decline in moral values. It is crucial for educators to be made aware of moral values and their development to address moral degradation through guidance derived from the Quran.</em> <em>This article will discuss methods used in the Quran and its historical traditions to promote moral values. These include the use of parables instructional methods, questioning, dialogue and discussion, repetition, and practical demonstrations. The aim is to explore how these methods can be integrated into the teaching of moral values to educators. </em></p> Reeda Mushtaq Copyright (c) 2024 INKISHAF https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-13 2024-06-13 4 12 287 302